Using the right components for your guitar is essential to get your desired sound. One of these essential components is a preamplifier valve.
Now you will come across several preamplifier valves, two of them being the ECC83 & 12Ax7 Tubes – What is the Difference? Why are they among the best-performing signal dual-triad vacuum tubes? Another consideration you should make is how long 12A X 7 tubes last.
In this article, you will also find the ecc83 datasheet that you are looking for. You will find information containing the height, diameter, heater voltage, cathode type, amplification factor, and current as well.
You will also find all the details regarding ECC 83. One more question that might arise is if the ECC83 and 12AX7 are interchangeable.
Let’s find out if there is any 12ax7 tube equivalent and what the difference is between ECC83 vs. 12Ax7 Tubes.
12A x 7 Vs. ECC 83
The 12A x 7 valve, also called a 12A x 7 vacuum tube, is a small preamplifier valve.
Surprisingly, it is identical to the ECC 83; both work the same but have different names. The only difference is that the 12A x 7 valve is the American name, while ECC 83 is the British name.
The 12A x 7 valve has two identical triodes with a high voltage gain. It is used quite widely and performs excellently in all guitar amplifiers. Since both are identical, are they interchangeable? Let’s find out.
12A x 7 Valve
The 12A x 7 valve was developed by RCA engineers around 1946. Its sales began shortly, and they sold out pretty fast.
Since it had two amplifiers in a single miniature glass envelope, the 12A x 7 valve gained a lot of popularity and is still being used.
It is among the very few tubes that are still being used today. The prime reason? It has two identical, high-gain voltage valves in a small glass tube.
For designers, this is very useful as they can make dramatic cuts for their devices without leaving too much space for the vacuum tube.
If you were using an average valve guitar amplifier, you would need at least a dozen to power the battery fully. However, with something as small as the 12A x 7 valve and reasonably powerful, you only need one, and you are good to go.
If we talk in technical terms, the 12A x 7 valve is a dual, high gain triode with the following details:
- Dual nature: comes with two halves in one glass envelope.
- High gain: the gain is about x 100 of an average amplifier. Practically, a workable gain of approximately 60 is achievable with the right power supply.
- Triode: tri refers to three, while ‘ode’ means electrode. This means that the three valves that the 12A x 7 valve comes with have 3 electrodes- a cathode, anode, and grid. This completes the current flow.
Now you may wonder, how do you pack all of that into a small, 9-pin miniature glass envelope that works so effectively? Find out below:
It starts with the cathode, anode, and grid taking up six pins. Each valve also comes with a heater, so four more pins are needed. But this equals 10 (6+4), but we only have 9 pins. So, how does the device work?
The manufacturers put all the heaters in series in this valve and arranged the two ends and the center tap.
By this, we end up with 9 pins. Now, you can put 12 volts across both heaters or 6 volts across each heater, followed by grounding the center tap.
More Details About the 12A x 7 Valve
The 12A x 7 is among the most popular signal dual-triode vacuum tubes that you will see in numerous tube gear.
It is a pin-compatible tube (5751, 12AT7, 12AY7, 12AV7, 12AU7) with various gains. The 12A x 7 tube has the highest gain factor of 100 mu among all the tubes listed.
The high gain allows manufacturers to design an amplifier with lesser components, which means the device overall will be smaller and easier to manage for the user.
This is the prime reason why the 12A x 7 valve is so commonly found in audio tube amps and guitars.
Several versions of the 12A x 7 valve are available in the market, including the following:
However, all of them serve the same function and are not too different from one another.
Initially, the 12A x 7 valve was used as a heat controller in filament circuits and radios. It was a cost-saving technique, but it no longer applies to modern tube gear.
The suffices A, B, and C are mainly used for marketing purposes only. You may come across variations like 12AX7WA, 12AX7WC, and 12AX7WB. Although they are near identical tubes, they have slight differences that suit various gear.
Some tubes also come with the S suffix. For instance, the ECC83S and 12AX7LPS tubes. In such cases, the ‘S’ means the tubes have spiraled heat filaments. They are used for lowering the hum, thereby reducing power loss.
Most of the 12A x 7 tubes produced today make use of spiraled heaters, so you don’t have to worry much when getting any new tubes.
Other suffixes also exist, but they do not mean the tube is any different than the 12A x 7, but we still recommend enquiring about the product before you buy it.
What is the Main Difference Between 12A x 7 and ECC 83?
The main difference between 12A x 7 and ECC 83? Like we mentioned earlier, only the names! The technical details are exactly the same, and both names can be used for the device.
However, most shops will recognize this dual triode with the name 12A x 7 valve or vacuum tube.
Since the 12A x 7 or ECC 83 valve is so widely used, there is a high chance you are already using it in one of your guitar amplifiers.
Basically, what the 12A x 7 valve does is that it takes a very low-level signal from the guitar power supply and amplifies it several times.
For technical reasons, you can only gain a certain amount when using a single-stage valve. Therefore, you need plenty of guitar amplifier valves to get the needed gain with an average guitar amplifier.
This is where the 12A x 7 valve and its ability come in with this valve; you get two separate amplifiers or triodes within each envelope.
This means you are getting two gain stages for the price of one. So, you get quality, quantity, and a decent amount of financial savings!
Why was it Named ECC 83 At All?
Although both the 12A x 7 and ECC 83 tubes are the same, the latter is the name given to the special high-reliability 12A x 7 valves. It was the original Telefunken frame grid design, and this is what makes it distinctive.
This frame grid was among the last great inventions in the vacuum tube sector. Inside a frame grid tube, the grid wire is wrapped around a miniature frame, so it has tight tolerance and low micro-phony.
Modern manufacturers use the ECC 83 more commonly than the 12A x 7 valves, but both are the same.
Why the 12A x 7 / ECC 83 is a Preamplifier Valve Only?
The 12A x 7 valve has a significant amount of voltage. However, its current capabilities are still not high enough to drive any speakers. For such purposes, you need beefier, bigger powerful valves.
The smaller valves, such as the 12A x 7 valve, only offer limited power for early-level amplification to boost low-level signals.
If we talk about a typical valve guitar amplifier, it comes with 3 to 6 preamplifier valves. Most of these are mostly 12A x 7 or ECC 83 valves.
Occasionally, you may see the ECC 81 or ECC 82 as preamplifier valves, but they are quite different from the ECC 83 valve, one of them being a lower gain than the 12A x 7 valves.
How Long do 12A X 7 Tubes Last?
The 12A x 7 preamp tubes last for a considerably long time and rarely need replacing. They are responsible for converting small currents and voltages to usable levels.
Therefore, they are a lot less likely to overheat or undergo battery depletion during an amplifier’s lifetime. However, this does not mean they will never need replacing.
They are fragile or may stop working for no obvious reason. Therefore, do not be too surprised if the 12A x 7 or ECC 83 valve needs replacing once in a while.
What Tubes are Interchangeable with 12AX7?
The following tubes are interchangeable with the 12A x 7 tubes:
Small Signal Tubes:
- 12A X 7A
- 12A X7 WA
- 12D F7
- 12D T7
Best 12ax7 Tubes
Let’s take a look at some of the best 12A x 7 tubes:
1. Genalex Gold Lion ECC83/B759 (Best Overall)
The Genalex Gold Lion ECC83/B759 has an incredible sound that puts them among the best-performing tubes. They have a full, warm midrange sound that is very detailed, ensuring you don’t miss a beat.
The Genalex Gold Lion ECC83/B759’s midrange is of standout quality since it cancels out noise pretty well.
The tight, responsive bass, along with the articulate highs, tame the sound in a way that it becomes less harsh. They also tend to keep microphonics to a minimum, enhancing the clarity further.
The Genalex Gold Lion ECC83/B759 has a triode balance of about 15 – 20 %, contributing to its dynamic qualities and exceptional tonal characteristics.
It is ideal for anyone planning to replace amplifier tubes for enhanced definition within the frequency spectrum.
2. JJ 12AX7/ECC83 (Best Value)
The JJ 12AX7/ECC83 is the best value amp you will find among several with similar features. It is a prolific producer since it is a high-end tube with a robust, rugged build that can withstand some heavy usage.
Durability is needed when talking about vacuum tubes since they have to undergo voltage changes.
However, the JJ 12AX7/ECC83 does this well and even gives you an increase in the gain on your amplifier without compromising the balance.
It can be used to enhance the sonic performance of any tube-driven instrument.
It eliminates the high-gain makeup and maintains the signal’s dynamic. This is a reliable and versatile model that can be used for playing various styles.
The JJ 12AX7/ECC83 also reduces microphonic noise without producing any buzzing or humming sound. It retains its clarity even if the amplifier’s volume and gain settings are cranked.
The JJ 12AX7/ECC83 is best suited for guitarists who need heavy gain settings. Moreover, blues, metal, and rock fans can also use this.
3. Electro-Harmonix 12AX7EH (Best Under $50)
Next is the Electro-Harmonix 12AX7EH, a great buy for under $50. It is an all-time favorite of several guitarists due to its innovative design, exceptional effects, and tones for various styles and genres.
The Electro-Harmonix 12AX7EH has a powerful tine that the original 12A x7 valve evokes.
It gives you a highly animated sound which is often labeled as ‘controlled chaos.’ It has clean settings, producing high-end chime sounds with a lot of midrange frequencies.
Apart from its affordability, the Electro-Harmonix 12AX7EH is a great choice for metal, rock, and grunge guitarists. Their high-gain output blends well with the fuzz or distortion of a pedal.
Get this model for great tonal characteristics and minimal noise. Moreover, they also have clean tones as well as gritty tube saturation.
4. JJ ECC803/12AX7
The JJ ECC803/12AX7 is another affordable option that showcases a long plate structure. It does have more susceptibility to microphonics, but its other qualities make up for this drawback.
Sonically, the JJ ECC803/12AX7 is immersive, warm, and fine-quality. It performs best when used with high-gain amplifier settings instead of clean tones. You can also use it for hi-fi systems as well as outboard gear.
The JJ ECC803/12AX7 works pretty well with guitar and bass amplifiers. It has a robust build, so you will not have to worry much about replacing it every now and then.
Its best quality is perhaps the amount of gain it offers, which you can use to dig your guitar’s strings and increase the playing velocity.
Use it with a conventional tube amplifier instead of a combination amp. The JJ ECC803/12AX7 also cancels out microphonic noise pretty well.
5. Mullard 12AX7/ECC83
Another popular vacuum tube is the Mullard 12AX7/ECC83. It came around 1962 but gained a lot of popularity in the following years.
It offers a decent amount of heat and has smooth, clean tones. The monophonic noise has minimum though it has a reputation for being grain-heavy.
The Mullard 12AX7/ECC83 is ideal for bassists and guitarists who prefer vintage sounds. It is quite similar to the models made in 1962 but has several improved features so you will not be disappointed by it.
Apart from a durable build, it also has tonal reliability. Use it for energetic and expressive music for the full effects.
The Mullard 12AX7/ECC83 will give you a warm sound with a clean chord sequence. Alternatively, use it for ramping up the gain when performing solo on your guitar.
ECC83s vs. ECC83- The Main Difference
The ECC83 has a deep, tight end, a quality similar to the ECC83S, but the latter has thicker mids with more harmonic complexes.
The ECC83 is also hotter at the high end but not as high as the JJ ECC83S. They both are great tubes for vintage amps.
Frequently Asked Questions
The ECC 83 and 12A x 7 tubes are just the same, with only naming differences. Therefore, they can be replaced with one another when needed.
The 12AU7 amp can be substituted for 12Ax7 without the risk of any major tube damage
The main difference between 12AX7 and 12AU7 is the amount of gain they offer. The former has a gain factor of 100, whereas the latter features a gain of 20. Another similar model, the 12AT7, has a gain of 60.
Both are identical tubes with only differences in their names. The 12Ax7 is the American name, while the ECC83 is the British reference name.
The 12A x 7 valve is a tube power that can be used in pedal effects, mixing boards, microphone amps, and other audio equipment due to its great properties.
It also gives a more vintage sound, so that some users may use it for this sole reason.
While interchanging the 12Ax7 tube with other tubes, such as the 12AT7, 12AY7, 12AU7, and 5751 is possible, they are not entirely the same.
However, all of them do have a similar pin structure but will give you a different amp result. Moreover, each tube has a different gain, meaning some will result in higher gain and some lower.